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NEET UG Preparation for Chemistry

CHEMISTRY

Chemistry is divided into three parts, namely, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry. There are a total of 45 questions in the Chemistry section which sums up to a total of 180 marks.

Topics to Prepare

It is advised to prepare a proper timetable and a study plan while you prepare for the NEET examination. Also, it is necessary to follow the timetable to complete the topics as per the schedule. Practicing previous years’ papers will give the candidate a good hold over the topics and help them for a better preparation.

The section-wise weightage is given below:

Section % Weightage
Inorganic Chemistry 36%
Organic Chemistry 28%
Physical Chemistry 36%

In the table mentioned below, you will find the number of questions along with total marks allotted and their respective weightage percentage.

The topic wise weightage for this section is as follows:

Unit and Topic Number of Questions Total Marks Weightage Percentage
Inorganic Chemistry—I 8 32 17.78%
Chemical Bonding 5 20 11.11%
P-block 1 4 2.22%
Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties 1 4 2.22%
s-block 1 4 2.22%
Inorganic Chemistry—II 8 32 17.78%
Coordination Compounds 4 16 8.89%
d-block & f-block Elements 2 8 4.44%
Metallurgy 1 4 2.22%
Qualitative Analysis 1 4 2.22%
Organic Chemistry—I 3 12 6.67%
General Organic ChemistryII 3 12 6.67%
Organic Chemistry—II 13 52 28.89%
Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether (Reaction Mechanism) 2 8 4.44%
Aromatic Compounds 1 4 2.22%
Biomolecules 1 4 2.22%
Carbonyl Compounds 4 16 8.89%
Chemistry in Everyday Life 1 4 2.22%
Environmental Chemistry 1 4 2.22%
IUPAC & Isomerism 2 8 4.44%
Practical Organic Chemistry 1 4 2.22%
Physical Chemistry—I 7 28 15.56%
Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry Chemical Equilibrium 1 4 2.22%
Chemical Equilibrium 2 8 4.44%
Ionic Equilibrium 1 4 2.22%
Mole Concept 1 4 2.22%
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry 2 8 4.44%

 

Physical Chemistry—II 6 24 13.33%
Chemical Kinetics 2 8 4.44%
Electrochemistry 1 4 2.22%
Solid State 1 4 2.22%
Solution & Colligative Properties 1 4 2.22%
Surface Chemistry 1 4 2.22%

You will see in the above table that the maximum weightage is to Organic Chemistry, which is indeed challenging for students. Hence, it is important that they focus more on this part, as many questions are asked from here.

Method of Preparation

Chemistry is a highly scoring section in NEET UG Exam if a candidate prepares for it strategically.

  • The questions for chemistry in NEET UG exam is derived out of three sections, namelyOrganic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry.
  • Molecular Structure and Chemical Bonding is considered as the important topics as questions were repeatedly asked in the previous years’ papers.
  • The number of questions asked in this section is equally distributed from each topic.

Most of the numerical problems are asked from the following chapters: Equilibrium, Thermodynamics, Chemical Bonding, States of Matter and Electrochemistry, Chemical Kinetics, Structure of Atom, Solutions. Make sure to revise the formulae on a regular basis.

Organic Chemistry: Be aware of atomic and chemical properties of halogens, chalcogens, and nitrogen group. The concepts of acidity, the basicity of acids and bases like Lewis type, Bronsted type, and knowledge of their salts like NaCl, KCl, and so on should be clear to score high.

Inorganic Chemistry: Study inorganic chemistry from NCERT textbooks. Pay extra attention to d-block elements and coordination compounds. Practice a good number of questions and learn all the exceptions.

Physical Chemistry: Prepare flashcards for all named reactions and revise them every day. Use different colored pens to do so, as the human eye is more receptive to colors. Do not forget to revise named reactions and formulae once before going to bed.

Paper AnalysisCHEMISTRY

According to the question paper analysis of ten years, a large number of questions were asked from chapters like Molecular Structure, Chemical Bonding, Hydrocarbons, p-block elements, and Equilibrium.

The graph represents the total number of Chemistry questions asked in NEET for the last ten  years:

 

Percentage Distribution of Questions

Candidates are asked questions from chapter and topics that they have studied in classes XI and XII. It is advised to focus more on class XII syllabus. There are several High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) questions from class XII, such as Ketones, Aldehydes, Solutions, p-Block elements, and Carboxylic Acids.

The graphs given below show the percentage-wise distribution of questions asked from the topics studied in classes XI and XII:

 

Important Topics for Chemistry in NEET

A wide range of conceptual and numerical questions are asked from some of the important topics. Here is a list of topics that require attention and more hard work as compared to other topics.

 

Topics Number of Questions in Ten Years
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 39
Hydrocarbons 37
Equilibrium 35
p-Block Elements 34
Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids 33
Thermodynamics 33
d- and f- Block Elements 32

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

The number of questions has decreased, but the level of difficulty has increased. According to the examination paper analysis, candidates should expect questions on Valence Bond Theory, VSEPR theory, Hybridization, and Dipole moment.

Chemical_Bonding_and_Molecular_Structure

Hydrocarbons

This is one of the topics from organic chemistry that includes a large number of conceptual questions in the NEET UG exam. Candidates should practice and revise rigorously and solve concept-based questions.

 

Hydrocarbons

Equilibrium

Many questions are asked in the NEET exam on this topic. According to the analysis, this topic is of a moderately difficult level. Consider the graph given below to get the exact information.

 

Equilibrium

P-Block Elements

A total of 34 questions are asked from this chapter. Most of the questions are based on fundamental concepts. The graph below gives a thorough analysis of the number of questions in the last ten years from this topic:

P-Block_Elements

Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids

The topics in this chapter from which questions are asked frequently include nomenclature, preparation, and reactions of carboxylic acid and other compounds. The graph below gives a thorough analysis of the number of questions in the last ten years from these topics:

Resources for Preparation

For NEET chemistry, NCERT books are considered to be the best for understanding the concepts. Also, practicing questions from other reference books will help the candidate boost his/her confidence. A few high-grade reference books are mentioned below.

  1. NCERT Book for Chemistry Class XI – ISBN- 817450494X
  2. NCERT Book for Chemistry Class XII – ISBN- 8174506489
  3. Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd – ISBN- 8131704815
  4. Organic Chemistry by Solomon – ISBN- 8126556846
  5. Organic Chemistry by MS Chauhan – ISBN- 8193040511
  6. Inorganic Chemistry by OP Tandon – ISBN- 9382314377
  7. Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee – ISBN- 8126548754
  8. Numerical Chemistry by P Bahadur – ISBN- 938231443

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